What is Fish Behavior? Understand Their Psychology

Haven’t you ever gone scuba diving and marveled at the jewels of the sea? Scuba diving is the glamourous and more accessible way of looking at marine life and attempting to understand their existence. Marine biology, a branch of ecology has been the study of life under the seas and oceans that occupy almost 75 percent of our planet.

Since time immemorial, the vast oceans have not only provided as passages to new lands and fortunes, but they have also yielded food, medicine and sometimes even a better understanding of our own world and how the earth came to be so diverse.

It would surprise you to know that a substantial portion of life on earth exists underwater! Marine life has been instrumental in keeping the correct balance in our ecology and eco systems. Without understanding what makes marine life function, without comprehending the far-reaching consequences of the impact of marine life, it would have been impossible to make the advances mankind has made today.

But marine biology has not only contributed to scientific advancements – it has also opened the doors for tourism and adventure and for us to have a better understanding of ourselves.

For example, we now know that dolphins are almost human like in their nature and behaviour. Over the years as humans have interacted with such fish, they have actually been able to train them and use their services in the numerous marine aquariums across the world. We have shared and participated in the affection that such fish share with us. It is indeed a fascinating experience.

Conflicting Theories – Psychology of Learning

The psychology of learning is perhaps one of the most heated topics in modern psychology, and there are many conflicting theories and points of view in this arena. The largest area of disagreement is the infant phase, which runs from childbirth to when the child first begins to speak. During all phases of the child’s life, play and learning are of paramount importance.

During the first educational phase described my most theorists of the psychology of learning (0-2 years) children learn by imitating other people (especially the mother), testing out their environment, ritualizing play and eventually simple make-believe. In the psychology of learning, each of these comes at various stages, and all must be learnt in order for a child to be able to interact with their environment productively.

The next phase described by the psychology of learning is the toddler and early childhood phases (2-5 years) in which the primary means of learning is through the use of symbols. It is in this phase that a child begins to learn the arbitrary connections between word-sounds, pictures and concepts.

Since these connections cannot be learnt through trial and error, it is important that the child have as much support as possible during this period.

The psychology of learning and the philosophy of language both place enormous importance on this part of a child’s development. Another important discovery in the psychology of learning is that children in this phase use ‘compensatory play’, which is the first evidence of children trying to come to terms with their emotions.

According the psychology of learning, children transfer their emotions or an event that happened onto another object. For example, a child that has recently been scolded might be seen scolding her doll as a way of understanding how the scolding made her feel. When the child reaches ‘childhood’ status (7 years and up) their learning capacity is greatly increased.

The psychology of learning dictates that children should be given as much structure during this period as possible, to teach the child how to interact socially. Games like hide-and-seek and board games are heavily endorsed by those who practice psychology of learning. Institutionalized games, and organized sports play an important role in this stage of a child’s development.

Studies in the psychology of learning show that children at this age who participate in sports are more likely to have better grades and more energy, and are more likely to get along well with their classmates and friends.

The Best Kept Secrets to Making More Tips for Waiters, Bartenders, and Baristas

When it comes to a career in the service industry, no matter how short or long-lived, one of the most advantageous things you can learn to do ASAP is how to pull people’s emotional and unconscious heartstrings.

But before you think I’m some manipulative monster just trying to turn the world upside down to objectify patrons, guests, and customers for your own selfish, worldly gain- just hear me out.

If you plan on waiting tables, serving drinks, or tending bar, then you already know that the key to making money is in the extra stuff you do to stimulate all who cross your path and pull out their wallets to pay the check. Therefore, it becomes a must that you start to understand human psychology right away for not only your own benefit, but for the enjoyment of the guest as well.

There’s Nothing Selfish About Making More Tips

First, let’s get the idea that money is bad out of our heads. In these days and times of crony capitalism and rabid politicians talking out of both sides of their mouth about social programs, while selling out to big corporations to stay in office, the concept of having more as being a positive thing gets drowned out by all the social justice static.

You don’t think that’s by coincidence, do you? After all, what if most people bucked the elites attempting to program us all to accept less in life?

While the answer to that question is beyond the scope of this article, it’s important to accept that money is a means of exchange, and when people spend more, and tip more, they are merely exchanging value for value.

You provide value to a guest when you make their coffee taste great, bring that sizzling steak cooked to perfection on time to the table, and when you make that specialty cocktail that makes them do a backflip and believe that good times are here again.

When you “go the extra mile” (I know, it sounds terribly clichĂ©), what you are doing is adding value to the guest experience, and believe it or not, most of the time humans will reciprocate more value when they perceive they themselves are receiving added value.

Examples of Adding Value to the Guest Experience

There are literally an infinite number of possibilities and ideas that you can come up with on your own to enhance the guest experience and wow them into pouring out their wallet as if they are anointing you as the new emperor of hospitality, but let’s drop a few solid ideas right here and now to get your own creative juices flowing.

1. Artistry is always appreciated.

I was once at a Starbucks in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, the 2nd biggest city on the island, walking across town and having a pretty abysmal day. When I ordered my drink that day, the young ladies working behind the counter were not only super nice and polite, but when I sat down upstairs to sip my beverage I noticed a drawing on the side of the cup.

Not only was it hilarious and heartwarming to me, it really made me appreciate the cultural experience of being a guy with a strangely massive beard in a land of scarce beards having his own self-portrait scribbled with a Sharpie on the side of a plastic cup of tea. Is this how they viewed me? I felt kind of like a zoo animal, but in a good way. The resemblance was uncanny, and I have to admit I will never forget it.

2. What’s in a name?

Finding a way to use a person’s name, whether audibly or by writing it on the guest’s check, is a great way to increase the psychological closeness the guest has with you, while at the same time without being too creepy.

As human beings with feelings, we all want to be validated, even in the smallest ways. For those of us who live in a large metropolis, we may not get the deep emotional connection that people in smaller towns who see each other regularly do.

That’s why when you can call someone by their name in a kind, loving and respectful manner, they will unconsciously feel more connected and special. The hardest part is finding out their name without being too obtrusive, but I knew servers who were good at this when I waited tables. I myself would get their name from their credit card, write their name with a smiley face saying a big “Thank you!”, and then usually try to drop the check and say their name and thank them.

I regularly got 18% – 20% tips just from my style of service, and I am a pretty introverted, procedurally-minded kind of guy at the restaurant.

3. Do you want fries with that?

The practice of fast food workers asking people if they’d like fries or to upsize has no doubt made people fatter, and corporate food chains wealthier, but there’s something we can learn from this.

When you ask a guest if they’d like to add something, often times they will say no, but imagine you work at a nice restaurant and they order a steak, and then you ask if they’d like it “Oscar style” i.e. topped with jumbo lump crab meat. Now you are giving them the opportunity to have more when perhaps they were unaware they could even have a steak topping, or maybe they were unsure and just needed that extra gentle push to overcome their inner objections.

Remember, most of us are creatures of habit, and while we want to try something new and improved, we may require a little encouragement from an outside source.

Be yourself, but if you’re having a bad day, be someone else.

“Be yourself” is fine if you are having a great day, but what about when your day is a disaster and you feel like a cup of warm dishwater?

It’s simple, you “fake it ’til you make it”. Remember, we all have bad days, but just like you don’t want to be the recipient of someone’s emotional venting just because you need to send a package at FedEx, the same goes for the person patronizing your place of work.

What can you do? It’s simple, try to forget you for a while. Stop thinking about your feelings and the problems in your life and focus simply on putting on a smile (even a forced one will eventually relax into a real one), and keep the guest’s experience your top priority.

If you really want to get creative, you can come up with an alter ego like “Sasha Fierce”, the concept BeyoncĂ© uses before she performs at a concert or big show.

The last word on making more money as a bartender, waiter, or barista

It’s easy to assume that the most successful people are extroverts, naturally charismatic, charming, and lucky, and, to a large extent, that’s true.

But even if you are a naturally quiet, shy, introverted person like me, you can still find ways to make your guest feel special and cared for, and this will logically lead to more money for you as you continue to provide the very best service to everyone who walks through your establishment’s doors.

Good luck, and here’s to you making more tips!

Tips For Buying ADHD Medication Online The Right Way

First, always consult your doctor before giving any medication whatsoever. All medications have side effects and only your physician is qualified to prescribe medicines and treatments and to recommend dietary changes.

We do not recommend any products nor condone any treatments – only your doctor has that ability.

Although attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is not a life-threatening condition, it can however adversely affect the way a person lives and especially if the condition continues to persist or even deteriorate as he grows into adulthood. For the sake of your child, you should consider giving him the best treatment and medication available without delay.

Tips for Buying ADHD Medication Online the Right Way

Tip #1 Take any of the online tests available in the Internet – some are for free – to determine for yourself if your child is indeed suffering from ADHD. Choose the ADHD self-evaluation test you’ll take carefully because some are designed with rigged results: whatever score you end up with, they’ll tell you that there’s still a slight chance of your child having ADHD and encourage you to consult their resident physician.

Tip #2 Compare the results of the tests you’ve taken. You should have taken at least three to increase chances of accuracy. If the test results all confirm that your child is indeed suffering from ADHD, you should then consider having him properly diagnosed by a physician this time. Admitting that your child has ADHD is painful, but it’s also better for his interests that you accept his condition rather than deny it.

Tip #3 Once your physician’s diagnosis of your child has been completed, he’ll be able to tell you whether your worst suspicions are true. If it is, he’s sure to prescribe several medications for your child. Most medication for ADHD, if not all, are available for purchase online. While your doctor can suggest which medication you should get for your son, he will also be willing to listen to your concerns regarding costs, medical insurance, availability of the medication, and other issues that might affect your choice of medication for your child. It’s very important that you’re as open as possible to your doctor so that you can both reach the best compromise.

Tip #4 Research the medications one by one before buying them online. Buying medication online is not recommended and only your pharmacist and doctor are qualified to attend your child’s needs.

Adderall – This medication was developed in the 1980’s and initially used for treating diet control and weight loss. It was only in 1996 that the US Food and Drug Administration approved use of Adderta for ADHD without any restrictions. Since then, it has become one of the most commonly used medications for ADHD.

The effects of Adderall can last for an average of six hours, making it ideal for children since they wouldn’t have to take additional shots while in school. It also reportedly has more manageable results than Ritalin as the child would suffer from fewer highs and lows when taking this medication.

Side effects from Adderall include but are not limited to weight loss, dryness of mouth, restlessness, insomnia, and headaches. It is also prescribed for various illnesses and conditions and it can be quite addictive for people without ADHD.

Concerta – Although this medication has a longer lasting effect than Adderal at twelve hours, it cannot however be used without restrictions. It has only been approved by the FDA for treating ADHD in 2000.

Concerta’s tablets cannot be cut down or decreased in dosage because of how the tablet was designed to work on the human body. It is also contraindicated for other illnesses so make sure you obtain the full approval of your child’s pediatrician before purchasing this online.

Other medications you may purchase online but should research first are Ritalin and Dexedrine.

Tip #5 Avoid purchasing medicines online from other countries because you can’t be sure if all of them have passed the strict safety and quality control regulations of the US Food and Drug Administration.

Tip #6 Always make sure you ask beforehand for the expiration date of the ADHD medications you’re about to purchase online.

Tip #7 Research for reviews regarding the online pharmacy or drugstore you’re about to transact with. Read the terms and conditions of their services before purchasing anything. Make sure they offer you a way to contact them just in case anything goes wrong. Inquire with the Better Business Bureau (BBB) regarding the pharmacy’s reputation.

Tip #8 Choose the online pharmacy that allows you to make payment by your preferred method.

Buying ADHD medication online may be cheaper and more convenient in most ways, but it can also be more dangerous so practice caution at all times.

Lastly and most importantly, always consult your doctor before giving any medication whatsoever. All medications have side effects and only your physician is qualified to prescribe medicines and treatments and to recommend dietary changes. We do not recommend any products nor condone any treatments – only your doctor has that ability.

Starting EPPP Study Now – Top Ten Tips

  1. The most important strategy for passing the Examination For Professional Practice In Psychology (EPPP) is to begin preparing now! If you are in graduate school do not wait to begin studying. Be proactive. A good place to start your search for study information is on the Internet. Learn everything you can about the test. Learn which topics will be covered, and how extensive your knowledge and understanding of them needs to be. A good place to start is at the site of the organization that makes it all possible, The Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards. They have all kinds of interesting information on the examination for you to read.
  2. Start reviewing commercial test preparation materials. Beg, borrow, or steal used copies of the major study guide programs from friends and colleagues. You can find used copies online; eBay is a good source. If money is not an issue, consider buying new versions of EPPP study materials from the major test preparation publishers: PsychPrep, Academic Review, Taylor Method, or the Association for Advanced Training in the Behavioral Sciences. At the very least, buy a few of the less expensive commercially available study guides, such as the EPPP Secrets Study Guide or EPPP Flashcard Secrets. Read reviews of EPPP study materials to help you select the most appropriate.
  3. Flashcards are an important component of your study plan. You first need to remember the key terms and concepts before you will be able to answer questions on the examination.Use software to create flashcards of the psychology topics you want to remember. Make flashcards of important, difficult, and unfamiliar concepts.
  4. The best flashcard programs are driven by sophisticated algorithms that optimize learning and maximize recall of the information. The program helps in several very important ways. It minimizes the time it takes to memorize items by scheduling the presentation of the flashcards at optimal intervals. It does this by only presenting flashcards that it predicts you are about to forget. In this way, no time is wasted reviewing flashcards that you have already memorized. The use of a flashcard program allows you literally to maintain your recall of the information indefinitely (as long as you continue to do the scheduled repetitions).
  5. Online discussion groups on preparing for the EPPP are an excellent source of information. They not only discuss which topics you need to study for the exam, and how, but also offer advice on coping with the length and difficulty of the EPPP study process. Fellow examinees can be your best source of support. One helpful group is the Preparing To Take The EPPP Discussion List on Yahoo! Groups.
  6. Make use of the free advice, EPPP study materials reviews, and testing strategies on sites devoted to preparing for the exam, such as How To Pass The EPPP Exam Without Even Trying!
  7. Learn how to test well on the specific type of multiple choice examination represented by the EPPP. There are specific strategies for taking this type of test. These test taking skills will also serve you well in graduate school classes. Look for test taking advice on EPPP preparation sites on the Internet.
  8. Learn how to study. Good study skills and habits will see you through to the end of this process more efficiently. Don’t waste your time trying to cram for the national psychology exam. Just because you’ve made it to graduate school, doesn’t mean you can’t improve your study skills even more. There are many good books on how to study. Go ahead. Read one. I promise not to tell your classmates.
  9. Stress. Anxiety. Discouragement. Feeling overwhelmed. Agggg! Where does it all end? It ends with you. Learn to control your mental state. Learn how to remain calm, focused, and motivated while thinking about studying, while studying, before the exam, and during the exam. Repeat after me, “It’s just a test.” Learn how to relax. Keep your spirits up. Keep moving forward. Eat right, exercise, go out, and socialize. Get enough sleep. Don’t study all the time. Take frequent breaks. Taking care of yourself in this way will improve your effectiveness.
  10. Remember, the Internet is your friend! Browse sites about the EPPP. Read discussion groups on it. Learn how other examinees cope. Many students and postgraduates seek out a professional, such as a counseling psychologist, to support them psychologically and keep them on track. Do whatever it takes to keep going.

It is my sincere hope that you find these tips helpful. More importantly, I hope that you understand why you should begin studying for the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology now!